Agile School Scale: Validity and Reliability Study

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  • Mustafa Taktak İstanbul Gelişim University, İstanbul, Türkiye
  • Mustafa Özgenel İstanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, İstanbul, Türkiye



Agile, organizational agility, school agility, agile school characteristics


This study emphasizes the importance of educational organizations being agile to adapt to changing information and technology conditions and aims to develop a valid and reliable scale to measure the agility levels of schools. The research was conducted with a three-stage working group. In the first stage, the 55-item draft scale was applied to 437 participants and its construct validity was examined with exploratory factor analysis (AFA). In the second stage, the 33-item scale obtained as a result of AFA was applied to 683 participants and its construct validity was tested with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). In the third stage, 78 school administrators and teachers were sampled for test-retest application and criterion validity. It was determined that the scale has a four-dimensional structure. These dimensions are named as agile leader, agile teacher, agile school environment and agile communication with external stakeholders. The proposed four-dimensional structure was validated with CFA and the fit indices were found to be at an acceptable level. The overall Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient of the scale was calculated as 0.95. In addition, independent groups t-test, item total and item residual correlation analysis, inter-factor correlation analysis and test-retest correlation analysis were performed for the reliability of the scale. As a result of these analyses, the reliability and validity of the scale were ensured and it was named the School Agility Scale.